How good is aerogel as insulation?

Air in microscopic pores make up the remaining 97% of aerogel’s volume. This air has very little room to move, inhibiting both convection and gas-phase conduction. These characteristics make aerogel the world’s lowest density solid and most effective thermal insulator.

How long does aerogel insulation last?

The results show that for the different investigated materials, the increase in the thermal conductivity over the pristine conditions is typically below 10% for aging exposure corresponding to 20 years in typical conditions.

Can you use aerogel to insulate your house?

Dr. Peter Tsou of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory once said, “you could take a two- or three-bedroom house, insulate it with aerogel, and you could heat the house with a candle.

Does aerogel deteriorate?

Aerogels by themselves are hydrophilic, and if they absorb moisture they usually suffer a structural change, such as contraction, and deteriorate, but degradation can be prevented by making them hydrophobic, via a chemical treatment.

What are the downsides to aerogel?

Disadvantages: Increased density (typically about one-third to one-half the density of water) Decreased clarity (from translucent to foggy to opaque) Decreased surface area (by about half)

Why is aerogel not used for insulation?

“The pores are so small, and gas phase heat conduction is very poor,” Meador says. “Molecules of air cannot travel through the aerogel, so there is poor heat transfer through the material.” Traditional silica-based aerogels have been successfully used in many applications, such as providing insulation on a Mars Rover.

What is the R value of aerogel?

10.3 per inch

According to, the R-Value of aerogel is 10.3 per inch versus rigid fiberglass, which has an R-Value of 4 per inch. The R-Value, or resistance value, of insulation measures to what degree insulation resists the flow of heat through an insulation material.

How much does aerogel insulation cost?

We estimate that in the U.S. the cost of a 10 mm thick aerogel blanket of R-4 per 10 mm will be between $2.50- $3.00/ft2 in the near future.

How much is aerogel worth?

about $23,000 per pound

At about $23,000 per pound, aerogel is currently more expensive than gold [source: NASA JPL, FAQs]!

Can aerogel stop a bullet?

Strong Enough To Stop a Bullet in its Track

To collect these delicate particles, each smaller than a grain of sand, aerogel will gradually slow them to a stop without damaging them or altering their shape and chemical composition.

Is aerogel waterproof?

Classic silica aerogels and other oxide-based aerogels are not natively waterproof but can be modified to not only be waterproof, but superhydrophobic. Mechanically strong Airloy® aerogels made by Aerogel Technologies are water-resistant with varying levels of hydrophobicity for different applications.

What is the best insulator?

A: The best insulator in the world right now is most probably aerogel, with silica aerogels having thermal conductivities of less than 0.03 W/m*K in atmosphere. of aerogel preventing ice from melting on a hot plate at 80 degrees Celsius! Aerogel has its amazing properties because it’s mostly made out of air.

What is the best thermal insulation material?

Fiberglass Insulation. Fiberglass is the most common insulation used in modern times. Because of how it is made, by effectively weaving fine strands of glass into an insulation material, fiberglass is able to minimize heat transfer.

What is the perfect thermal insulator?

( — With its complete lack of atoms, a vacuum is often considered to be the best known insulator. For this reason, vacuums are regularly used to reduce heat transfer, such as in the lining of a thermos to keep beverages hot or cold.

What insulates heat the best?

Wool, dry air, plastics, and polystyrene foam are all examples of good insulators. Materials that do not insulate well are called conductors. Conductors have loose bonds that allow particles to move easily and transfer energy from one particle to the next.

What insulation is used for pizza ovens?

Ceramic fiber insulation, since it requires half the thickness of vermiculite, takes up less room and is significantly lighter when fully installed; Ceramic fiber pizza oven insulation does not expand and contract as much as the vermiculite and perlite mixed concrete, providing a longer lifespan for your pizza oven.

What is the cheapest insulation material?


Fiberglass is the cheaper option and you can install it yourself, but spray foam creates the air seal you will want in the space. The Building Science Corporation recommends a foam-based insulation material for crawl spaces because of this.

Is Styrofoam a good insulator for cold?

A Styrofoam cooler does a good job of keeping things cold because the material is a poor conductor of heat. A closed container of Styrofoam creates a “cold zone” into which heat from the outside enters at a very slow rate.

What is the R-value of 1 inch Styrofoam?

STYROFOAM extruded polystyrene insulation is rated at an R-value of 5.0 per inch at 75°F.

What is a better insulator than Styrofoam?

It is called nanowood. It blocks heat at least 10 degrees better than Styrofoam or silica aerogel. Silica aerogel is a common insulator. And nanowood can take at least 30 times more pressure before being crushed.