To measure your register properly, remove the existing register from the floor, wall, or ceiling in which it is installed. Then, measure the length and width of the air duct opening. If the size of the duct measures 4″x10″, for example, then a 4″x10″ register is what you’ll need.

What size is a standard register?

Standard Register Sizes

Duct Size Surface Mount (Overall outside dimension) Flush Mount (Overall outside dimension)
6″ x 30″ 7-1/2″ x 31-1/2″ 8-3/4″ x 32-3/4″
8″ x 10″ 9-1/2″ x 11-3/16″ 10-3/4″ x 12-7/16″
8″ x 12″ 9-1/2″ x 13-3/16″ 10-3/4″ x 14-7/16″
8″ x 14″ 9-1/2″ x 15-3/16″ 10-3/4″ x 16-7/16″

Does register size matter?

Registers have nothing to do with branch size. The supply grille is sized for noise [mostly] and pressure drop.

What size should duct work be?

The size of the HVAC unit you’ll need for the whole house can be found using the unit’s average output and the square footage of your home. As a rule of thumb, you’ll need 400 CFM of airflow per ton of air conditioning; it takes about 1 CFM of air to heat or cool 1 to 1.25 square feet of floor area.

How many CFM is a 4X10 register?

So a 4X10 floor register could have 90 to 30 CFM coming out of it.

What is the difference between a register and a vent?

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AN AIR VENT COVER AND A REGISTER? An air register has the capability of adjusting the air flow by opening and closing a damper or flaps, usually found at the bottom of the air register. An air vent cover, simply covers the duct without the added feature of adjusting air flow.

How many CFM is a register?

Since the living room needs a base total of 180 cfm, each supply register should have 90 cfm. Once you have the first room completed, continue establishing the base supply cfm for each room in the home.

Can ductwork be too small?

Ductwork That is Too Small

The first problem you can encounter with your AC duct work is it being too small. This is a common problem, and it can be easily remedied by an HVAC professional. Undersized ductwork can technically get the job done, but it can come at a huge cost to homeowners.

What size duct do I need for a 12×12 room?

A 12×12 foot room will need a 4×8 inch supply duct to get an adequate CFM rate, which is about 144 CFM. However, these figures are just “rule of thumb” measurements and will differ based on various factors of your home and HVAC system.

Why does duct size matter?

Ducts that are small in size make your HVAC system work harder to keep your home at the desired temperature. If your duct size is big, the velocity of air gets compromised. It means you will not be able to feel the air flowing through the air vents.

How do you calculate CFM for duct size?

Duct CFM Calculation Formula

  1. Room CFM = (Room load/Whole house load) ✕ Equipment CFM.
  2. 24,000 BTUs ÷ 12,000 BTUs in 1 ton = 2 tons ✕ 400 CFM per ton = 800 CFM.
  3. Room A = (2,000 BTUs ÷ 24,000 BTUs) ✕ 800 CFM.
  4. Room A = 66.67 CFM.

How many CFM can a 10 round duct?

CFM Sizing Chart For Metal Round Ducts (50-2,000 CFM)

Duct Size (Inches) Metal Duct Airflow (CFM)
7 inches 125 CFM
8 inches 180 CFM
9 inches 240 CFM
10 inches 325 CFM

How many CFM does a 6 inch duct have?

“For example, most techs will tell you that a 6” duct will provide about 100 CFM.”

How many CFM is a 7 inch round duct?

Flex duct moves less air than hard pipe, if you look at 7″ hard pipe on the duct Calculator you will see that at 900 FPM and . 05 static you will see it moving around 125 to 130 CFM.

What size duct is needed for 1000 CFM?

Rectangular equivalent diameter for air flows between 100 – 50000 cfm.

Air flow – q – (Cubic Feet per Minute, cfm) (m3/s) Rectangular Duct Sizes (inches) (mm) x (mm) Friction Loss (inH2O / 100 ft duct) (Pa/100m)
1000 (0.45) 10 x 14 12 x 12 0.15
1300 (0.59) 12 x 14 0.15
1400 (0.63) 12 x 15 0.15
1700 (0.77) 10 x 22 14 x 15 0.14

How many CFM can 4 round duct handle?

Reviewing the chart, a 4” pipe will convey 395 CFM at 4500 FPM. This means that a 4” pick-up on a machine will use 395 CFM from the filtering system; or, if you know that a machine will require approximately 400 CFM to remove the waste, you should use a 4” pipe for that purpose.

What happens if ductwork is undersized?

Ducts that are undersized will increase the static pressure, which will result in excessive noise as air moves through the system. It is often loud enough to be distracting, so it will not be difficult to overlook and should be addressed, as undersized ducts overwork the heating unit.

Is it better to undersize or oversize ductwork?

Fundamentals of Good Duct Design

An effective duct design also takes these factors into consideration: Proper sizing. All the ducts must be sized to match the HVAC equipment capacity. Using oversized ducts will erode the system’s efficiency, while undersized ducts won’t carry the necessary volume of air.

Can duct be too big?

Too big – Oversized ducts will give the heated or cooled air they carry more time to come to room temperature before they get through the vents and into the room, so you’ll end up with less heating or cooling where you want it, and the system being overworked to meet demand.