Stairways which serve an individual dwelling unit must have a handrail on one side if they have four risers or more. Such stairways with fewer than four risers are not required to have handrails. Handrails projecting from a wall shall have not less than 1 1/2 inches between the wall and handrail.

Do handrails need to be on both sides?

Handrails are required on both sides of stairs and must be continuous within the full length of each stair flight.

What side do you put a handrail on?

Standard building codes do not state a requirement for what side a handrail should be placed for residential structures. The handrail can be on either side of the stairs as long as it continuously runs the entire length of the stairs.

Where should stair handrails be placed?

The top surface of the handrail should be between 34 and 38 inches above the floor, or above the Nosing Line. Some installation guides suggest marking the height by measuring from the nosings of the steps.

Do you need a banister on stairs?

Bannisters & Handrails
Handrails are always required on stairwells with more than 4 consecutive risers regardless of stairwell length, riser width, or riser height. Bannisters and safety railings should be installed to block off any open drop exceeding 2 risers or 600mm in height.

Is it illegal to not have a handrail on stairs?

Handrails are mandatory. Stairs should have a handrail on at least one side if they are less than one metre wide, and on both sides if wider than this. Handrails should be placed between 900mm and 1000mm above the highest point on the staircase steps.

Do you need 2 handrails on stairs?

Stair Handrail requirements – one vs both sides of the stairway: Stairways shall have handrails on each side, and every stairway required to be more than 88 inches (2235 mm) in width shall be provided with not less than one intermediate handrail for each 88 inches (2235 mm) or required width.

How many steps before you need a handrail?

Building Codes
The building code does not refer to the number of “steps” but it does require a handrail when there are two or more “risers”. For clarification, a “riser” is the vertical portion of a stair. The “tread” is the top of a step. A two riser minimum would translate to two steps.

What are the regulations for stairs?

The following rules must be met: The individual rise must be between 150mm and 220mm. The individual going must be between 220mm and 300mm. The Pitch of the stair cannot be greater than 42 degrees.

Is it a legal requirement to have a handrail on stairs UK?

Handrail staircase regulations in the UK
It’s a legal requirement to include a handrail on your stairs (for health and safety reasons) Include a handrail on at least one side of your staircase if it’s less than one metre wide, and on both sides if it’s wider.

Do you need building regs to change a staircase?

When you are adding or altering staircases you do need to get building regulation approval. If you think about the potential risk of someone falling from/through poorly constructed stairs you can understand why this is an important area where regulation is required.

Do I need planning permission to change my stairs?

In the vast majority of cases, you do not need planning permission from your local authority to relocate your stairs. If the new design does not impact the external appearance of your property, you just need to submit a building regulations application.

What are the current UK building regulations for staircases?

Maximum Rise and Minimum Going of Stairs
Maximum Rise: 220mm. Minimum Going: 220mm. Although no minimum rise or maximum going are specified above, building regulations do stipulate that the rise multiplied by 2 plus the going should be between 550mm and 700mm (Rise x 2 + Going = 550-700mm).

How wide can steps be without a railing?

1.2. The clear width of 48 inches (1219 mm) between handrails is not required for exit stairways accessed from a horizontal exit. The width of stairways shall be determined as specified in Section 1005.1, but such width shall not be less than 44 inches (1118 mm).

Do I need a railing on both sides of deck stairs?

Do I Need Handrails On Both Sides of Deck Stairs? Nope. You don’t need a handrail on both sides, but you may need a railing if your deck is higher than 30″. Many contractors construct a combo handrail and stair rail system, installed on both sides, to cover all safety requirements.

What are the OSHA requirements for handrail?

The top rail must be at least 42 inches in height (§1910.29(f)(1)(ii)(B)) and the handrail must be 30 to 38 inches in height (§1910.29(f)(1)(i)) (as measured at the leading edge of the stair tread to the top surface of the rail).