When to use a low heel inlet?

Heel-inlet quarter bends shall be an acceptable means of connection, except where the quarter bend serves a water closet. A low-heel inlet shall not be used as a wet-vented connection. Side-inlet quarter bends shall be an acceptable means of connection for drainage, wet venting and stack venting arrangements.

What is a heel Inlet?

Heel-inlet or side-inlet quarter bends, or any arrangement of pipe and fittings producing a similar effect, shall be acceptable as a dry vent where the inlet is placed in a vertical position. The inlet is permitted to be placed in a horizontal position only where the entire fitting is part of a dry vent arrangement.

What is a closet bend?

Its name relates to “water closet,” a term used by plumbers to mean the commode. A closet bend is a 90-degree toilet elbow fitting, but it doesn’t form a sharp angle. Instead, the closet bend has a gradual, sweeping corner that allows waste to flow through the bend without clogging.

Can you use a 90 degree elbow on a toilet drain?

All change-of-direction fittings buried under a slab should never have any 90-degree fittings. If you need to change direction under concrete or other buried piping conditions say in a sewer line, you use two 45-degree fittings. It’s a best practice to separate the 45-degree fittings by at least 6 inches, if possible.

Can you use a vent elbow for a toilet?

If the toilet drain does not connect directly to a vent, you must find another way to vent it. If the drain line runs away from the wall where you want the vent, use a reducing Y and a 45-degree street elbow to point the vent line toward the wall. The horizontal vent pipe runs right next to the closet bend.

How long can a toilet waste pipe be?

IIRC it is permissible (but inadvisable) to go as low as 18mm per metre, the maximum is 90mm per metre. As long as the pipe have at least 15% downhill slop from Toilet to main waste pipe it would be ok. Any distance up to 3m do not require extra joining points as standard 4inch waste pipe is 3m long.

Does a vent stack have to be straight?

Plumbing vents need to be straight on the vertical. This is necessary to avoid any vapor locks from occurring. When there is a bend in the vent pipe, moisture accumulates and is trapped.

Can a toilet vent run horizontal?

There is no problem with running your vent pipes horizontally as long as you remember that there should be a minimum clearance of 6 inches above the spill line. What is a spill line? This is the level where the water starts to overflow from the rim of the sink, toilet, or tub.

Can a toilet vent be angled?

Vent pipes must be installed so they stay dry. This means that they should emerge from the top of the drainpipe, either straight vertically or at no less than a 45-degree angle from horizontal, so that water cannot back up into them.

How far can a toilet be from a vent stack?

6 feet

According to the UPC, the distance between your trap and the vent should be no more than 6 feet. In other words, for the vent to work properly, it needs to feed into the drain line within 6 feet of the trapways that connect to it.

Can a vent be upstream from a toilet?

A toilet vent can be upstream. The purpose of the vent pipe is to allow the sewer’s gases to escape from the house’s roof rather than inside the house. A vent also allows oxygen to enter into the sewer pipes, which allows the waste to break down and prevents clogging.

What is the proper way to vent a toilet?

Quote from the video:
Quote from Youtube video: Right under the center of our plumbing wall the discharge side connects to the building drain further downstream. This way then we've got a two inch street forty-five here for the vent.

How far downstream can a toilet vent be?

6 feet

Keep in mind your toilet still needs a vent, but your trap arm can be as long as necessary. Now on the other hand, if your plumbing code is the UPC, they’re not as generous… In the UPC, the toilet’s trap to vent distance is limited to 6 feet.

Can a plumbing vent be downstream?

Vertical wet vented systems are required to have the water closets as the most downstream fixture. This is not the case in horizontal wet venting. The dry vent must be sized in accordance with Section 906.2. Remember, though, that in this case, the drain served is going to be the entire wet vented section.

Can a toilet shower and sink share a vent?

So yes the shower can also be vented by the wet vent along with the toilet. There is one major stipulation when wet venting multiple fixtures when a toilet is one of them: the toilet must be the last fixture connected to the wet vent.

Does plumbing vent go before or after trap?

The simple answer is if your trap from the fixture cannot see the vent then it is installed wrong. We must always keep the vent connection above the trap weir to prevent siphoning and keep proper pressures on both side of the trap.

How far away can a vent be from a trap?

Distance of fixture trap from vent.

Size of Fixture Drain, Inches Distance Trap to Vent
1-1/4 2 ft 6 in
1-1/2 3 ft 6 in
2 5 feet
3 6 feet

Can a plumbing vent go out a wall?

You can pass the vent through a wall instead of through the roof, but it must still rise over the roof.

Can a plumbing vent go up and down?

A vent must not allow accumulation of trapped air/gasses. Bending downwards would probably not be acceptable.

Can you offset a vent stack?

For this system to function effectively there cannot be any offsets in the waste stack portion. Once the highest branch interval is connected to the stack, the vent portion may contain offsets, provided such offsets are at least 6 inches above the branch interval connection.

How far can a plumbing vent run horizontal?

If you have 1 ¼-inch pipe, the horizontal distance of the vent should not be more than 30 inches. For a 1 ½-inc pipe the vent should be 42 inches away at the most while a 2-inch pipe must have a maximum distance of 5 feet.