What are the conditions to be satisfied while designing a retaining wall?

Proper retaining wall design requires evaluation of the following:

  • Select the retaining wall location. Minimize soil excavation and backfill. …
  • Determine retaining wall height and geometry. Calculate the retaining wall height at its tallest position. …
  • Evaluate structural requirements. …
  • Calculate the total wall structure.

What are the failures of retaining wall?

The reasons for these types of failures are lack of proper reinforcement, improper drainage behind the wall (lack of weep holes or clogged holes), foundation footing problems, settlement or expansion of the soil, overloading of the wall, construction errors, and/or other design errors.

How do you install a concrete retaining wall?

Quote from the video:
Quote from Youtube video: The first block is gonna be basically a half a half a block below top of the new top of concrete because we're also expanding the patio. Area. So we've got to make sure that we set the footing.

What is the main purpose of a retaining wall?

Retaining walls are often found in places where extra support is needed to prevent the earth from moving downhill with erosion. The most basic function of a retaining wall is to battle gravity; the lateral force of the slope must be offset in the retaining wall’s design. Retaining walls can also: Provide usable land.

How do you prevent a retaining wall from failing?

Following are the methods to prevent failure and distress in retaining walls:

  1. Redeem surface drainage problems.
  2. Reduce retaining wall height.
  3. Use tie backs.
  4. Extend the footing.
  5. Remove and replace backfill materials.
  6. Reinforce the front of the wall.
  7. Add a key.
  8. Use cantilevered soldier beams.

What are the factors that you have consider in ensuring stability of a retaining wall against sliding?

Stability Checks for Retaining Walls

  • Friction angle of soil 30.
  • Friction coefficient between soil and concrete 0.5.
  • Dry density of soil 18 kN/m3

What do you need for a retaining wall?


  1. Interlocking Retaining Wall Block.
  2. Landscape Fabric.
  3. Gravel/Drainage Aggregate.
  4. Construction Adhesive.
  5. Paver Base.
  6. Mason Line.
  7. Landscape Stakes.
  8. Marking Paint.

What are the benefits of a retaining wall?

Retaining walls also have a number of other benefits that can help transform your landscape into a functional and striking masterpiece.

  • Structural Support. A retaining wall serves to keep soil in place. …
  • Preventing Soil Erosion and Providing Flood Control. …
  • Adding Functional Space to Your Yard. …
  • Aesthetics.

What happens if you remove a retaining wall?

The removal of a retaining wall without a professional analysis of the soil and nearby area could result in additional problems nearby including erosion problems, water damage and potential landslides. Removal of a retaining wall is not a weekend DIY project.

How do you remove a poured concrete retaining wall?

You can use pneumatic or electric jackhammers and hammer chisels to aid in the removal process, or you can use a sledgehammer, hammer, pry bar and chisels. Break the concrete wall into small chunks with your preferred tool and let the debris fall to the ground as you work.

Should I remove a retaining wall?

You should build a new retaining wall if the old wall is unsalvageable. You should never, ever, ever remove a retaining wall without another slope stabilization plan unless you’re trying to level a surface.

Can you take down a retaining wall?

You can remove either type of wall, but if the wall is load bearing, you have to take special precautions to support the structure during removal, and to add a beam or other form of support in its place.

Do you need a structural engineer to remove a wall?

If the wall is not load-bearing, then it shouldn’t be a problem to remove, provided you know what you’re doing and take all the necessary precautions. If, however, the wall is load-bearing, you may need to get help from a structural engineer who can provide you with a structural engineer’s report.

Do I need permission to remove a wall in my house?

Planning permission is not usually required when knocking down internal walls — however, there are exceptions. Although this job that commonly falls under Permitted Development this is not always the case. If your house is a listed building you will almost certainly need planning permission.

How much does it cost to tear down a wall?

How Much Does It Cost to Remove a Wall? Removing a wall costs between $300 and $1,000 if it is a non-load-bearing wall. On the other hand, removing a load-bearing wall costs $1,200 to $3,000 for a single-story home. The price increases to $3,200 to $10,000 for homes with more than one level.

Do you need planning permission to knock down a wall?

As a general rule, you don’t need planning permission for removing internal walls. But, if you are renovating a listed building, then you need consent for any external or internal work. You may also need your council to approve the work if it is load-bearing.

How do you know if you can tear down a wall?

Quote from the video:
Quote from Youtube video: If you're around four and a half inches. Chances are that's a 2×4 wall it may not be load-bearing it still could be but it may not be if it's around six and a half inches with the drywall.