Galvanic corrosion (dissimilar-metal corrosion) is an electrochemical process in which one metal corrodes preferentially, when in electrical contact with a different type of metal, and both metals are immersed in an electrolyte such as water.

Do dissimilar metals cause corrosion?

When two different metals are in contact and exposed to a common electrolyte, one of the metals experiences accelerated corrosion while the other is protected. This type of accelerated corrosion between dissimilar metals is referred to as galvanic corrosion.

What is the corrosion between dissimilar metals known as?

Galvanic corrosion

Galvanic corrosion, also known as bimetallic corrosion, is an electrochemical process whereby one metal corrodes in preference to another metal that it is in contact with through an electrolyte. Galvanic corrosion occurs when two dissimilar metals are immersed in a conductive solution and are electrically connected.

What happens when you use dissimilar metals?

When one dissimilar metal causes another to corrode, it’s called galvanic corrosion. In order for galvanic corrosion to happen, you need three things: the two dissimilar metals and an electrolyte. When two dissimilar metals are touching, the electrolyte will jump-start the corrosion process.

What happens when you put two dissimilar metals?

When two dissimilar metals are in contact, they form a bimetallic couple (one metal being the anode and the other being the cathode) due to their affinities for electrons. The difference between the anode’s potential to be oxidized and the cathode’s potential to be reduced is called the potential difference.

Does grounding prevent galvanic corrosion?

Grounding rods instead of grounding to a water line

A viable option to prevent galvanic corrosion, and electrolysis on your water service line, is to replace the ground wire connection to your water line.

What are galvanic and pitting corrosion?

Galvanic corrosion, crevice corrosion and pitting corrosion are common problems in industrial environments due to the presence of water, a variety of metallic materials, aggressive species (such as acids, chlorides) and often high humidity and temperatures.

How does the position of two dissimilar metals affect the rate of corrosion?

Two dissimilar metals in the same environment can lead to accelerated corrosion of the more active metal and protection of the less active one.

What do dissimilar metals react to?

This occurs when two different metals are in contact in a corrosive or conductive environment and the current flow changes. When two dissimilar metals are involved, the reaction is called galvanic corrosion.

Can galvanized steel and stainless steel be used together?

Under atmospheric conditions of moderate to mild humidity, contact between a galvanized surface and a stainless steel surface is unlikely to cause substantial corrosion. However, if the surfaces are in the presence of salt water or salt water air, it would be best to electrically isolate the two metals.

Does galvanized steel react with other metals?

Galvanized steel can be paired with many other metals. Specialized construction and fabrication needs may put galvanized steel in contact with stainless steel, aluminum, copper, and other weathering steel. The juxtaposition of galvanized steel with other metals can result in a condition called galvanic corrosion.

Does zinc corrode stainless steel?

The stainless steels, including 304 and 316, are more positive than zinc and steel, so when stainless steel is in contact with galvanised steel and is wet, the zinc will corrode first, followed by the steel, while the stainless steel will be protected by this galvanic activity and will not corrode.

How can we prevent galvanic corrosion between steel and stainless steel?

Reduce Exposure to Electrolytes

Remember, for galvanic corrosion to start, there need to be two metals and an electrolyte. So keeping electrolytes at bay can slow corrosion. Some good options are to add aeration or smooth out surfaces whenever it’s possible.

How do you isolate dissimilar metals?

How to Isolate Dissimilar Metals

  1. Galvanize Metal. One way to protect dissimilar metals without adding large nonmetallic barriers is to galvanize metal. …
  2. Use Liners. …
  3. Elevate Piping. …
  4. Use Buffers. …
  5. Add Hangers.

Where does galvanic corrosion occur?

Galvanic corrosion (also called ‘ dissimilar metal corrosion’ or wrongly ‘electrolysis’) refers to corrosion damage induced when two dissimilar materials are coupled in a corrosive electrolyte. It occurs when two (or more) dissimilar metals are brought into electrical contact under water.

Can copper and stainless steel touch?

While stainless steel is a common plumbing material for water mains and fittings because it has an exceptionally long lifespan and is resistant to corrosion, it’s not a good idea to directly connect stainless steel to copper. This is because stainless steel and copper are actually dissimilar metals.

Does brass corrode steel?

As the series suggests, steel and aluminum are relatively compatible, but if brass and steel contact, the steel will corrode because it is more anodic than the brass.

Does galvanized steel react with copper?

Whenever you join copper water lines to galvanized steel pipe, you should be concerned about the corrosion caused by joining two dissimilar metals, called “galvanic corrosion.” An electrochemical reaction occurs that causes the steel pipe (in this case) to rust and clog up.