What are the different types of mini split systems?

There are four types of mini-splits available, single-zone, hyperheat single-zone, pre-charged single-zone and multi-zone. All systems can effectively heat or cool single spaces, while a multi-zone system can serve as many as 5 “zones” (rooms) at a time from a single outdoor condenser.

How are mini splits connected?

A ductless mini split consists of an outdoor heat pump unit connected to four or more indoor air handling units. The indoor units are connected by a conduit that contains power lines, drain pipes, and refrigerant lines. Mini splits require no ductwork for distribution of warm and cool air.

How are mini split systems wired?

These are connected through electrical wires that are housed by a weather-proof wire known as a whip. Mini-splits have particular power requirements that are dependent on the model and size. Generally, most systems need 220 volts or higher, but a few of the 9k to 12k systems may only need a 110-volt service.

What type of plug does a mini split use?

A 110v mini split AC is typically wired to an AC disconnect and then into the breaker box. However, many have simply wired it directly into a standard outlet receptacle, or even to a standard plug, to plug into a receptacle as a standard appliance, and without any AC disconnect.

How many zones can a mini split have?

eight zones

Ductless mini-split units are highly versatile, allowing you to create zones for separate temperature controls. One outdoor unit can be connected to up to eight zones, typically enough for the average household.

How far can a mini split be from the condenser?

The standard length of mini split lines is 25 feet. Why is that? That’s the anticipated distance between the outdoor condenser and the nearest indoor air-handling unit. In some cases, the space from one unit to another may be slightly shorter at 15 feet, so you’d need a line that’s about as long.

Does a mini split need a dedicated circuit?

You might be wondering, “Do I really need a disconnect?” All mini split systems require a dedicated circuit to supply power to the system. A disconnect box is required by code to be installed near the outdoor unit and allows for a technician to shut off power to the system when performing any service or repairs.

What size breaker do I need for a 24000 BTU Mini Split?

A 25 amp circuit breaker is the correct size for a 24,000 BTU mini split. Using a 30-amp breaker is fine too.

Can you plug mini split into outlet?

Smaller mini-splits (12,000 Btu or less) can be plugged into a standard 110 volt outlet, but larger units often require a 220 volt outlet. Depending on the size and number of mini-splits you plan to install, modifications to your existing electrical panel and outlets may be necessary.

Do mini splits use 110 or 220?

In the United States, ductless mini split systems come in either 110V or 220V. The voltage will depend on the model type and manufacturer. Typically 9k btu and 12k btu units are 110V. All 18k btu and greater models require 220V.

Does a mini split require a GFCI breaker?

Electrical code does not require GFCI protecting for permanently installed outdoor equipment. Just a disconnect. But the install manual says this. Be sure to install a ground fault circuit interrupter breaker.

What size breaker does a mini split need?

You need a minimum 25 amp breaker for mini split systems up to 24,000 BTU/2 tons. A 30 amp breaker is sufficient for 36,000 BTU/3 ton systems, and a 50 amp breaker meets requirements for larger units to 60,000 BTU/5 tons. All the details follow.

How many ducts can a mini split have?

no ducts

Since mini-splits have no ducts, they avoid the energy losses associated with ductwork of central forced air systems. Duct losses can account for more than 30% of energy consumption for air conditioning, especially if the ducts are in an unconditioned space such as an attic.

How many mini splits do I need for 1500 square feet?

2.5 12,000 BTU

For a 1,500 sq ft house, you would need 2.5 12,000 BTU mini splits. In these cases, it’s always better to round up the number. Namely, for a 1,500 sq ft you would need 3 12,000 BTY mini splits. You could also use 2 12,000 BTU units and 1 9,000 BTU unit.

Can a mini split run heat and cool at the same time?

Mini-Split System Pros and Cons
Air handlers are easy to install and enable you to run both heating and air conditioning at the same time. You’ll also enjoy steady and even heating and cooling with whisper-quiet fans.

How many heads can a mini split have?

Residential mini-splits generally go up to five heads. The more heads you have in a system, the more complicated it becomes to properly install, service, and maintain the system.

Do I have to use all zones on a mini split?

You need one mini split zone per room of your home. Large zones, like an open living area, should have at least two indoor units to ensure proper heating and cooling.

How many rooms can you cool with a mini split?

4 rooms

Both can be used to cool a single room without ductwork. But a mini-split can add more evaporator units (up to 4) to one condenser unit. So technically it can cool up to 4 rooms. Mini-splits are also much more energy efficient than window units and last longer, too.

Do you need a mini split head in every room?

You do not need a mini split in every room. There are some rooms in which it is better to have a mini split, and there are other rooms that will never need direct temperature control from a ductless system, such as a bathroom or a walk-in closet.

Is it better to oversize a mini split?

As a general rule of thumb, it’s better to slightly oversize the mini-split than undersize it. With an undersized system, you’ll run into different issues. For example, the undersized unit will have to work harder for longer periods to bring the space down to the desired temperature.