## How do I calculate what size wire I need?

How do you determine cable wire size? **Divide the voltage running through the cable by your target current**. If, for instance, 120 volts will act on the cable, and you want 30 amps to run through it: 120 / 30 = 4.

## What size wire do I need for a light fixture?

As long as you don’t put too many lights on the light circuit, you can usually control that circuit with a 15-amp breaker, as well as wire it with a **14-gauge wire**. On the other hand, an outlet circuit controlled by a 20-amp breaker requires a 12-gauge wire.

## Can I use 12 gauge wire for lights?

**Yes, it is okay to use 12-2 cable to supply lighting fixtures**. The other answer indicates that it even with 12-2 you have to use a 15A breaker for lighting circuits which is not strictly correct. If the entire circuit is 12AWG (other than fixture wires), then a 20A breaker may be used.

## What size wire should I use for a light bar?

Many appliances and household lighting fixtures need wire that is around **12- or 14-gauge**.

## How do I calculate the amount of electrical wire?

**Estimate the Length of a Wire**

- Start by measuring the resistance of the length of wire. Use an ohmmeter to measure the resistance of the wire. …
- Enter the resistance into the calculator.
- Select the wire gauge on the calculator.
- Click the “Calculate Wire Length” button.

## How much electrical wire do I need?

Figure out the length of each circuit, using your home’s floor plan, and add this length to all the other lengths for that wire gauge. Add a 10 percent overage to the final summation to account for twists, bends and backtracks.

## What gauge wire is best for low voltage lighting?

We recommend **12-gauge or 10-gauge wire** for long distances. This is to prevent voltage drop. The further you get from the transformer and its power supply, the more resistance occurs in the circuit which causes the voltage to decrease.

## Can I use 16 gauge wire for lighting?

Choosing Electrical Wire Size

**16-gauge are used for light-duty extension cords supporting 13 amps**. 14-gauge are usedfor light fixtures, lamps, lighting circuits with 15 amps. 12-gauge are used in kitchen, bathroom, outdoor receptacles, and 120-volt air conditioners supporting 20 amps.

## What gauge wire do I need 12V?

12V Wire Size Chart

Length (Feet): | 5 Amp 12V Wire (60W): | 25 Amp 12V Wire (300W): |
---|---|---|

15 Ft |
16 AWG |
8 AWG |

20 Ft |
14 AWG |
8 AWG |

25 Ft |
14 AWG |
6 AWG |

30 Ft |
12 AWG |
6 AWG |

## What happens if wire gauge is too big?

**using larger wire will not hurt anything or cause any overload**. The larger wire will cost more, the pathway or where it has to fit, and the physical size of the connecting means (ie. the size of terminal or clamp it has to fit in), will all be determining factors in just how big is too big.

## How far can you run 12 volt wire?

12V DC Power Drop / Max Cable Distance Chart

24 AWG | 12 AWG | |
---|---|---|

DC 300mA | 72 feet |
1,169 feet |

DC 400mA | 54 feet | 877 feet |

DC 500mA | 43 feet | 701 feet |

DC 750mA | 28 feet | 467 feet |

## How many amps can 14-gauge wire handle 12v?

Maximum current (amps) in a 12V electrical circuit vs. size (AWG) and length of wire.

American Wire Gauge (#AWG) | ||
---|---|---|

Length (feet) | Maximum Current (amps) | |

15 | 16 | 12 |

20 | 14 | 12 |

25 | 14 |
10 |

## How many watts can 16 gauge wire handle?

As the cord gets longer, the current carrying capacity of the cord gets lower. For example, a 16 gauge extension cord less than 50 feet in length can power a **1625 watt (W) appliance**. A 16 gauge cord that is longer than 50 feet in length can only power an appliance up to 1250W.

## How many watts can a 14 gauge wire handle?

2,400 watt

For a 120-volt circuit, you can load **2,400 watt** onto your 14-gauge wiring.

## How many amps can 16 gauge wire handle?

A 16 gauge wire can handle a maximum of **13 amps**. The amperage of the wire is inversely proportional to the amount of current it transmits in amps. The larger the gauge size, the smaller the wire; hence, the lesser current it can transmit.

## Can I use 18-gauge wire for LED lights?

**Most people would likely recommend using a solid core 18-gauge wire for your LED lights**. The cost difference between this wire size and a much smaller cable is negligible, and 18-gauge is about as big as you can go if you would like your wires to fit into most holders or terminals.

## What wire do you use for 15 amps?

14-gauge wire

A 15-amp circuit is usually served by **14-gauge wire** and is protected by a 15-amp circuit breaker or fuse. A 20-amp circuit, protected by a 20-amp breaker or fuse, must be served by 12-gauge or 10-gauge wire.