Choosing and Running Cable In general, you need 10-gauge wire for a 30-amp subpanel, 8-gauge for a 40-amp one and 6-gauge for a 50-amp subpanel. If you need a 100-amp subpanel, you’ll be running beefy 3- or 4-gauge cable with a 6-gauge ground wire.

What type of wire goes from the main panel to a subpanel?

The cable you run from the main panel to the subpanel also depends on the amperage rating. You can use 10 AWG, three-conductor wire for a 30-amp panel, but for a 60-amp one, you need 6 AWG wire. If you’re installing a 100-amp panel, you need 4 AWG copper or 2 AWG aluminum three-conductor cable.

What size wire do I need to run from house to garage?

The standard is a 20 amp circuit breaker and 12 gauge wire to provide power to the outlets. Install a sub panel in the detached garage; use the appropriate wire for the sub-panel breaker, usually 30, 40, or 50 amps. Typically, 30 amps can be size 10, 40 amps can use eight gauges, and 50 amps can use six.

How do you run a wire from the main panel to a subpanel?

Quote from the video:
Quote from Youtube video: Together in the neutral bar because in the main panel the neutrals and grounds are bonded together by a bonding strap. When you get to the sub panel they have to be isolated.

What size wire do I need to run a 100 amp service 200 feet?

To feed a 100 ampere secondary panel 200 ft. from the main panel, you’ll want to use 1 AWG copper or 2/0 aluminum conductors. This is large enough to safely carry 100 amperes, and to maintain power quality over the distance.

Can you run a 100 amp sub panel off a 100 amp main panel?

First the panels you are looking at that are rated 100A simply means you can use them for any application up to 100A. You can for example add a 60A breaker to your existing panel and protect the new subpanel with a 100A rating.

How many wires do I need for a subpanel?

A subpanel requires two hot wires connected to a 240-volt double-pole breaker in the main panel. It also needs a neutral wire and a ground wire. The cable used for this run is known as a “three-wire cable with ground.” The two hot wires, called feeder wires, will provide all of the power to the subpanel.

What kind of wire do you use in a garage?

What type of cable should I use to cable my garage? As a general guideline, use 12 AWG copper conductors and 20 amp breakers and 14 AWG copper conductors, and 15 amp breakers. Since the outlets are located in the garage, they should have GFCI protection.

How many amps should I run to my garage?

A 100-amp subpanel in a detached garage may be enough to handle high-draw appliances such as refrigerators. As for basic lighting or low-load electronic devices, a 50- or 60-amp subpanel in a detached garage may suffice.

What size wire do I need for a 150 foot run?

150 Foot Run – A 120-volt circuit on a 20 amp breaker will require 6/2 AWG wire for 150 feet.

What size wire do I need for 100 amp service 100 feet away?

If you check the wire size chart (you have the link in the introduction), the #0 AWG wire (also known as 1/0 AWG wire) has 150 ampacity. That means that #0 AWG wire is the perfect size wire for 100 amp service 100 feet away.

What size wire will carry 100 amps?

For 100 AMP service, you’ll need a #4 AWG copper wire or #2 AWG aluminum or copper-clad wire. Make sure to limit your voltage drop to 3% regardless of distance.

Will #2 wire fit in a 100 amp breaker?

A 100 amp sub panel wiring size requirement is #4 for copper wires and #2 for aluminum wires.

What is the difference between #2 and 2 0 wire?

2 AWG will handle around 94 Amps, while 2/0 AWG will handle around 190 Amps. The length of the wire must be considered as well as the % voltage drop in order for this to be true. For a 3% drop where the load is less than 20 feet from the battery and you are drawing 100 Amps, you would need 2/0.

How do you wire a 100A sub panel?

Quote from the video:
Quote from Youtube video: Then you will be good to go for using that 3 gauge copper wire at 100 ampere rating then we're going to be using just inch and a half PVC conduit to connect the two panels.

What size is #2 wire?

AWG Copper Wire Size and Data Table Chart @ 100 Degrees F

AWG Diameter Area
00 (2/0) 0.3648 67.4
0 (1/0) 0.3249 53.5
1 0.2893 42.4
2 0.2576 33.6

Which is bigger 2 AWG or 4 AWG?

The bigger the AWG number, the smaller the physical size of the wire. An AWG of 40 is the smallest and 0000 is the largest. For every 6 gauge decrease, the wire diameter doubles and for every 3 gauge decrease, the sectional cross area doubles.

What size wire do I need for a 200 amp service?

Installation of 200 amp electrical service needs a #2/0 AWG copper wire or #4/0 AWG for aluminum or copper-clad wire inside a minimum of 1.5 inches, schedule 40 or 80 PVC conduit for underground service. However, 2 or 2.5 inches is recommended if running 3 wires in the same conduit.

How do I calculate what size wire I need?


  1. Multiply the resistivity (Ω•m) of the conductor material by the peak motor current (A), the number 1.25, and the total length of the cable (m).
  2. Divide the result by the voltage drop from the power source to the motor.
  3. Multiply by 1,000,000 to get the result in mm2.

What wire size do I need to go 100 feet for a 60 amp service to a workshop?

What size wire should I use for a 60 amp subpanel? You can get away with 6 AWG when you have a short run of wire, however, due to voltage drop, if you ever decide you want to go more than 100 feet then a 4 AWG is the size you should choose.

What size wire do I need to run 50 amps 100 feet?


For every 100 feet, voltage drops by 20%.

Example: 50 amp wire is usually the 6 AWG (we require at least 62.5A and 6 AWG can handle 65A). If you have to power an electric device 100 feet away, you need 20% amps more. Instead of 62.5A, you’re looking at 62.5A × 1.2 = 75A.